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Imperatorius Neronas by Paulina Kirijanovaitė on Prezi

The background of the page including the sources was different, resembling a parchment. This innovation allowed the teacher to incorporate the historical narrative and the sources into a whole, facilitating the job of teachers and the learning of students.

During the period — the eastern part of Lithuania with its capital Vilnius was a part of Poland. Briedis also offers a variety of assignments and projects for lower grades.

Currently, plenty of history textbooks include the assignments of such type. One of the studies analysed the first series of history textbooks for grades seven through ten published in — Lithuania and the World for the eleventh15 and twelfth16 grade. All of this is appealing to students and enhance student motivation for learning. Approximately ten historical sources were used for analysis in the case of every topic. Even if Lithuanians did not actively participate in global events, they wrote memoirs and recorded their stories and experience in diaries, letters, periodicals, and books.

Historical sources have information about minor events in rural areas rather than the largest cities only, and it is more pertinent to the students living in the countryside.

The results of this study support the findings of earlier researchers according to which the number of historical sources used in modern history textbooks has increased in recent years.


In the first klaaei 50 textbooks published in Lithuania during the period — were chosen for the analysis. Some authors provide age appropriate memoirs and stories for children and teenagers.

It encourages students to find out how history influenced the life of their locality. The tenth grade textbook with a topic about the German occupation includes an assignment to write an essay entitled My Town during the German Occupation based on eyewitnesses who still remember World War II.

The traditional textbook is still easier to use as digital books need students to have computer skills. Other textbooks use different layouts with assignments such as: What is more, the author did not carry out a survey of students, which could give the insights into how effective these innovations are.

Every chapter ends with review questions, which guide students and help them check their knowledge and skills. Students of upper grades receive directions on how to analyse various sources.

The researcher argued that a textbook should appeal to students and motivate them to study4. First of all, a large number of assignments and questions were unclear, and of no benefit for educational purposes. Since a large number of illustrations with accompanying texts and assignments have been integrated into textbooks. Later, these textbooks were translated into Lithuanian and became compulsory in all schools in Lithuania. Finally, the digital textbook plays a secondary role in the history teaching and learning process.

This makes history more relatable to different age groups.

Istorijos Vadovelis Laikas 9 Klasei Pdf Download

In order to portray the relationship between Lithuania and the rest of the world, vaovelis authors use the analysis of Lithuanian historians, archaeologists, ethnologists, geographers, linguists and researchers on the evolution of world history.

History Textbook for the Fifth Grade includes the topic Lithuania in Soviet Hands, which starts with the following introduction: Authors try to motivate students in every possible way. Table 3 describes the number of historical sources used in history textbooks.


Publishers were able to adapt to the requirements of the new educational curriculum. First or all, one of the most important innovations is the inclusion of a variety of historical sources as supplementary material. Several criteria were used in the textbook selection process. The innovation was various assignments relating to every source thanks to which teachers were able to use these assignments and save time instead of creating vadoevlis own.

In addition, to portray the linkage between world history and the history of Lithuania, the facts about the visits of famous people to Lithuania and their thoughts about Lithuania are used.

Finally, students are introduced to the authentic items from other countries, which are kept in Lithuania museums. Consequently, different publishers and author groups competed to create new textbooks which would stand out from the old ones.

Students then prepare a list of cultural and historical monuments in their vicinity. Sincewhen Lithuania regained its independence, history textbooks with new innovative approaches and content vadovels been published. The section reveals how at the beginning of the 20th century Lithuanian researchers observed certain similarities between Hittite and Lithuanian languages and tried to prove that Lithuanians are very close to Hittites For example, in the textbook Ancient History: This victory ended the threat of Islam istorjios Europe.

How to Analyse a Painting? Eighth grade students studying the Middle Ages are presented the following information: Other studies emphasised the necessity to reduce the amount of facts presented in textbooks, such as dates, names, and places.

The aforementioned CD was perhaps the first type of history textbook for the seventh through twelfth grades in Klaei.