When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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What is exophoric reference? The book was there on the table.

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It’s true that ans is used in cataphoric reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both widely used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal.

In practice, however, unless there are two likely referents to distinguish between, they are pretty much interchangeable in anaphor. The Cambridge Grammar of anaphorid English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:.

Some desperate people tried scrambling over a barbed-wire fence or anapyoric wall. Sign up using Facebook. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states: What is anaphoric reference?

Language Description: Anaphoric and Cataphoric References

Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse. For many years, East German people devised 1 creative ways to sneak out of East Germany.

Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: Ad strange situation, indeed. Her refers to my mother. They refers to some people outside the discourse known to both speakers. Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words.


Helmar 4, 7 23 Here are some examples of exophoric reference: I want to refer back to “that I wrote critical and analytical essays”. He was annoyed because it was closed.

It also refers to something that both speakers know about perhaps the dinner. Does Swann say why it is to be preferred? In general, which would you prefer for cataphric position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: Even better, a firm opinion based on a personal prejudice that matches one’s own. The book refers to Moby Dick. Email Required, but never shown. Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for referenec meaning, previously mentioned words, Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words.

The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer anaphoriv reader s.

An ELT Notebook: An ELT Glossary : Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Reference

Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. I have also attempted to justify my slight personal preference for this in the context in which I assume the OP will be using the sentence.

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: We expect that this blog will be useful for the community on-line. Michael went to the bank. If there is another standard reference with unquestioned facts about this particular usage it would be useful to know what it is. So, in the context I have assumed for the OP I would use this. Either word is possible, but this is better.


Cataphoric vs Anaphoric References

It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. Shoe 25k 4 36 andd Anaphoric reference often makes use of the definite article thebecause one of the functions of the definite article is to indicate that something has already been mentioned. What could be a better source of authority? I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context.

A question on anaphoric and cataphoric references Ask Question. Is it ‘this’ or ‘that’ that conveys an anaphoric reference?

What is cataphoric reference? The page is dedicated to publish any information about grammatical english and some exercises with its translating. This was a turning point in his career: My answer offers an extract from the current gold standard in reference grammars CGEL and a very good prescriptive grammar for English language learners Swan.

I also engaged in research Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric or cataphoric. One woman tied herself to the bottom of a car and passed through a checkpoint unnoticed. And by whom it is to be preferred? Some people dug tunnels; 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cars, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.